U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address on this day in 1863. The speech was considered so insignificant at the time that coverage was limited to the inside pages of the newspapers (page one coverage went to a speech by Edward Everett).
In July of 1863, the fields outside Gettysburg, Pennsylvania erupted into one of the bloodiest battles in the Civil War between the states. The Union forces held their positions against Confederate advances. The Confederates, under Robert E. Lee, retreated to Virginia, ending their attempt to invade the North. The battle was the turning point of the war; the Confederates were never again able to mount a campaign into the North and were on the run.
President Lincoln traveled to the site of the battle to designate it as a national cemetery. While on the train, he wrote his speech on a small piece of paper. Three minutes after he had begun to speak, Lincoln had finished what is now considered to be one of the greatest speeches in American history:
“Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation: conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
“Now we are engaged in a great civil war – testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated – can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war.
“We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that this nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
“But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate – we cannot consecrate – we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.
“It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people – by the people – for the people – shall not perish from this earth.”
To find more information about President Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address, click here, or stop into the Firestone Park Branch Library! Enjoy!
The following class has been cancelled for tomorrow:
Thursday, November 6th, 2014 at 2:00pm.
Please call Firestone Park Branch Library with any questions. (330) 724-2126. Thank you.
All Library locations will be closed Tuesday, November 11, Staff Development Day.
“Over 16 million shares were traded in panic selling on the New York Stock Exchange and thousands of investors were wiped out on this day in 1929. Prices plummeted, millions lost billions, and the buying boom was over.
The market crashed. It had been preceded, by four days, with a speech by the President of the United States, Herbert Hoover, in which he said, “The fundamental business of the country … is on a sound and prosperous basis.”
The Great Depression was longer and harsher than previous depressions, which had seen an upturn in business activity after one or two years. But, from October, 1929 until Franklin D. Roosevelt became President in March, 1933, the economy just went from bad to worse on an almost monthly basis. Banks, factories and stores failed and unemployment soared. Millions of people lost their jobs, savings and homes.
Astrologer Evangeline Adams saw into the future and predicted the crash – along with other events that actually occurred, like Lindbergh’s flight – but didn’t listen to her own predictions. She lost $100,000.
The Great Depression was depressing, indeed!”
For more information about the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression, check here in our library. Enjoy!
We Love our Friends of the Firestone Park Branch Library!
National Friends of Libraries Week
October 19-25, 2014
Friends of Libraries groups have their very own national week of celebration! United for Libraries will coordinate the ninth annual National Friends of Libraries Week Oct. 19-25, 2014. The celebration offers a two-fold opportunity to celebrate Friends. Use the time to creatively promote your group in the community, to raise awareness, and to promote membership. This is also an excellent opportunity for your library and Board of Trustees to recognize the Friends for their help and support of the library.
Explore ideas and resources:
- Friends Groups
- State Friends
- PR and Marketing Materials (including a sample press release that can be customized for your library/Friends group
More information on Friends of Libraries groups can be found here.
Here is a little bit about our own group, the Friends of the Firestone Park Branch Library:
Firestone Park Branch Friends of the Library
The Friends of the Library is an organization of citizens formed for each branch library to assist the library staff in meeting its goals. The Friends of the Library holds regular book sales to raise funds to support activities which include:
- Co-sponsoring library programs by providing funds for refreshments and special entertainment, or by assisting with program arrangements
- Providing decorations for holidays and special displays
- Purchasing special equipment or materials not included in the library budget
- Attending local community events to represent the Friends
- Supporting the purchase of Books for Babies, which provides a free book for new babies in the community
The Friends invite you to join them!
For more information about the Friends Groups of the Akron-Summit County Public Library, please click here. Enjoy!
Ann Landers – “Eppie” Lederer
1955 – Mrs. Jules Lederer made news. She replaced Ruth Crowley as a columnist in 26 newspapers. Mrs. Crowley, a writer of advice to the lovelorn, had died in July of 1955 and was replaced by the woman whose advice column was seen in hundreds of newspapers. She wrote under the famous pen name, Ann Landers. ‘Eppie’ Lederer, who died June 22, 2002, was also the twin sister of another advice columnist, Abigail Van Buren.
Using the pen name “Ann Landers,” Eppie Lederer became one of America’s most trusted source of advice for decades through her newspaper column. Landers was born Esther Pauline Friedman on July 4, 1918, in Sioux City, Iowa, to Russian-Jewish immigrants: Her father owned a successful movie theater business, and her mother was a homemaker.
Growing up, Landers was incredibly close to her identical twin sister, Pauline Phillips, who would also go on to become a revered advice columnist, under the pseudonym “Abigail Van Buren.” The two even went to the same college — Morningside College in Sioux City — and, on July 2, 1938, had a joint wedding ceremony: Landers married Jules Lederer, who would later found Budget Rent-a-Car, and Van Buren wed a businessman named Morton Phillips.
Becoming ‘Ann Landers’
Living in Chicago, Illinois, in the mid-1950s, Landers decided that she wanted to do more than be a stay-at-home wife and mother: Noticing an advice column in The Chicago Sun-Times called “Ask Ann Landers,” she inquired about helping the columnist out. It turned out that the previous columnist, Ruth Crowley, had died, and the paper was looking a replacement. More than 20 people applied for the position, but Landers won out, officially taking over her now-famous pen name.
Known for her wisecracking and candid writing style, Landers quickly developed a large following, and her column was soon put into syndication and read by a national audience.
In an odd twist of fate, beginning in 1956, she found herself competing with her twin sister: Van Buren had begun writing her own column, “Dear Abby,” which, like “Ask Ann Landers,” garnered wide acclaim. Van Buren hadn’t informed her sister of her column-writing plans, and a devastated Landers severed all ties with her twin. “I felt betrayed. Because she didn’t tell me that she was considering it, she didn’t tell me — she just presented it as a fact,” Landers later explained. The sisters’ dispute lasted for nearly a decade, becoming increasingly bitter as the years passed by, and was heavily covered by the press.
“They became serious competitors,” Henry Ginsburg, Landers’s high school boyfriend, later said of the rivalry. “And it escalated to bounds that nobody expected. Nobody could believe what happened. And the scandal sheets loved it.” On April 7, 1958, LIFE magazine published an article that aired the sisters’ dirty laundry to the world. Featuring the sisters sniping at each other throughout, the piece concluded that theirs was, quote, “the most, feverish female feud since Elizabeth sent Mary Queen of Scots to the chopping block.”
While the twins’ relationship had hit an all-time low, their readership soared. The rivalry had a profound effect on the publishing industry: If a newspaper in town had Landers, another had to have Van Buren in order to compete.
By 1964, the sisters hadn’t spoken in nearly seven years. But that summer, right before their simultaneous 25th wedding anniversaries, Landers buried the hatchet once and for all: She called Van Buren and asked if the two couples could take a vacation together. Her sister responded positively, and the two agreed to resolve their issues and move on.
“I thought, ‘This can’t go on forever’,” Landers later remembered. “So, we met in Bermuda, and I remember she came with a fur-trimmed hat, and I said, ‘Honey, we’re not going to Knome, Alaska, we’re going to Bermuda, get rid of the hat. We laughed, we had fun. And then the relationship, it was back to where it was before.”
Column’s Continued Success
Giving advice on a broad range of topics, from martial problems to drug abuse to petty squabbles, Landers answered whatever questions her readers lobbed her way. Her approach to advice-giving differed from her sister’s: While they both had an ear for the one-liner, “Dear Abby” tended to be more light-hearted and funny, and provided abbreviated responses to readers’ questions; “Ask Ann Landers” tackled big issues head on, through more detailed responses.
Landers also shared her own struggles with readers in 1975, when she informed readers of her divorce from husband Jules Lederer (he reportedly left her for another woman). Thousands of letters poured in after the announcement, with readers offering their support to Landers.
Additionally, Landers championed personal causes in her column, including funding for cancer research and ending the Vietnam War. Some of her views were more controversial with her readers, including her support for abortion rights and the use of animals in medical research. No matter the response, Landers stuck to her guns and continued to speak her mind.
In addition to her column, Landers authored several books in her famously candid style, including Ann Landers Talks to Teenagers about Sex (1964) and Wake Up and Smell the Coffee (1996). She received a number of awards for her contributions to mental health and medical organizations over the years, including the Centers for Disease Control Champion of Prevention Award in 1996.
After more than 25 years as a columnist, on June 22, 2002, Ann Landers died of cancer in Chicago, Illinois. Today, she is credited, along with sister Abigail Van Buren, with helping to transform the standard “lonely hearts” column into a more profound and candid feature, shaping the nation’s changing moral conscience for nearly 50 years.”
You can find more resources about Ann Landers here in our library. Cheers!
YALSA Book Awards & Lists
Find great lists of recommended reading for your teen from our book awards and book lists. Some examples of the book awards and lists are:
- Alex Award
- Margaret A Edwards Award
- Morris Award
- Great Graphic Novels for Teens
- Popular Paperbacks for Teens
- Quick Picks for Reluctant Readers
- and more
Teens’ Top Ten
The Teens’ Top Ten (TTT) is a “teen choice” list, where teens choose their favorite books of the previous year! Encourage your teens to read the nominees from April to August so they can vote for their favorites at the end of summer!
Nominations are posted online on Celebrate Teen Literature Day, the Thursday of National Library Week, which is April 17th, 2014. Readers ages twelve to eighteen can vote online for their favorites starting in August. The 10 titles with the most votes become the TTT, and are announced during Teen Read Week, the third week of October. To access a free toolkit to help you connect your teens with the TTT, and to view the nominations visit www.ala.org/teenstopten.
Themed Booklists: Find existing, create new or add to what’s already on YALSA’s wiki.
Teen Book Finder App
Use our Teen Book Finder app to find our book lists and awards at the top of a button. Currently, the app is only for Apple. An android version is in the works for Spring 2014.
Teens’ Top Ten Tumblr: View and follow the Teens’ Top Ten tumblr page for fun YA Lit related images, gifs, videos, book lists, and more!